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Proper Referencing and Formatting

Proper Referencing and Formatting

This article helps you understand the importance of including proper referencing and formatting in your paper. A great portion of this article is dedicated to help you master the main tenets of accurate referencing. First, it is important to underhand the major reasons for referencing

Why Reference

            An academic writer is required to not only use his/her thoughts, but also arguments of other authors and publishers. It is important for academic writers to acknowledge the sources of data used in his/her work, since it will boost the reliability, validity and integrity of the findings. Most importantly, referencing is important because:

  • It helps to differentiate an academic writer's ideas from those 'borrowed' from the work of others
  • Allows a reader to follow up the details referred in a work

After Writing

            After completion of the writing process, a writer has to include all publication details of the 'borrowed' work in the bibliography or work cited section. This include the surnames and initials of the authors, date of publication, title of the publication, type of publication (journal article, book, etc), and the first and last page numbers (if it is a journal article)

When to use references

            Whenever an academic writer uses a foreign source of information, he/she has to acknowledge that source. In many cases, the introduction and conclusion section of an academic paper usually contain the writer's own ideas. But the body of the paper contains both the writer's ideas and concepts from foreign sources such as books and websites. Thus, the body of the paper has to contain some form of referencing to acknowledge the work of authors whose work concepts has been used. This will help avoid plagiarism since credit will be given to individuals whose intellectual works has been used in the research process.

Referencing Styles

            There are varieties of referencing styles available to an academic writer. Noteworthy styles include APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, OSCOLA, and IEEE. Major differences between these referencing styles is the 'author, date' system and footnotes and endnotes. Proper Referencing and Formatting 

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